Module: News & Media (T3 2009)

LESSON 1: An Introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis (By Teun. A. van Dijk)

Learning Objectives
  • Provides an introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as a theoretical framework for students to identify the relationship between discourse and power (with the aim of understanding, exposing and resisting social inequality).
  • To develop a critical awareness on how discourse structures in News and Media enact, confirm, legitimize, reproduce or challenge the relations of power and dominance in society.

Lesson Outline:

Task Practice (Discussion Thread)
What is the most powerful form of persuasion?
How do more powerful groups control public discourse?
How does public discourse control the minds and actions of less powerful groups?
What are the consequences of such control e.g. social inequality?

ü What are the Areas/Topics that you want to examine in the News & Media Module using the CDA framework?
(E.g. biased representations of “us” and “them”, supremacist derogation, power and domination in politics etc.)

ü Please provide a clear indication on the Discussion Forum on this webpage so that the subsequent lessons can be tailored specifically to your needs.
Everyone MUST provide a Response as this will serve as an indicator of your participation in this online lecture.

Your responses should be entitled: (Your Full Name, Class, Lesson 1) e.g. Lian Kay Hian, 3H4, Lesson 1

LESSON 2: The Cross Cultural Representation of "Otherness" in Media Discourse (By Carmen-Rosa Caldas-Coulthard)

Learning Objectives
  • To show that news is a cultural construct with values.
  • To introduce the concept of "Recontextualisation" - that includes an element of evaluation (through words and pictures) in the portrayal of news material.

Lesson Outline

Task Practice
Analyse the transcript of the following You-Tube Videos:

1. “George W. Bush Declares "Freedom and Fear are at War" (Sept 20, 2001)



2. President Bush Speech Sept 11, 2001

Discussion Thread:

Identify the Elements of Recontextualisation in the speech.
What are the Ideological Tools that are employed?

Is the Media a Cultural Construct or a Neutral Entity? Are there any implications on our daily consumption of the news? Support your answer with evidence apart from the given texts.


Post your answers on the Discussion Forum on this webpage.
The quality of your responses will be taken into account for your class participation & attendance grade during IT Learning Week.
Your responses should be entitled: (Your Full Name, Class, Lesson 2) e.g. Benjamin Teo Beh Peo, 3I2, Lesson 2